The Framework for K-12 Science Education led to the NGSS and materials selected should embody the vision for the NGSS, including the Innovations: Three-Dimensional Learning, Phenomena, Coherence/Progressions, Science for All, and ELA/Math Connections.
Three Dimensional Learning: The Science and Engineering Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Disciplinary Core Ideas are the three framework components that support the standards and reflect accurately how science and engineering are practiced in the real world. Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCIs) and Crosscutting Concepts (CCCs) are developed through the Science and Engineering Practices (SEPs). High-quality science instructional materials should include Three Dimensional Learning embedded into the lesson and unit design of the curriculum and build in complexity over time.
Phenomena: Students engage in sense making of phenomena by using and building upon the three dimensions. Learn more about how Phenomena can be used to engage students. High-quality science instructional materials should include phenomena that are meaningful to students, facilitate a deep inquiry and use of three dimensions through grade-level appropriate standards, and accurately reflect science in the real world.
Building Coherence in K-12 Progressions: Coherently builds all three dimensions from kindergarten through the twelfth grade. The second part of this focuses on how both engineering and the nature of science are embedded across all grade levels allowing students to constantly engage with and expand their understanding of three dimensional learning.
Alignment with ELA and Mathematics: The NGSS allow for coherence and greater exposure across Mathematics and English Language Arts with overlapping skills and knowledge embedded in the standards.
All Standards, All Students: These innovations illustrate the importance of and techniques to engage all students in the NGSS standards.